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Proposed Modification to Rule 30.0 (“Subpoenas”), State Bar of California Model Rules of Procedure for Fee Arbitrations
Mandatory Fee Arbitration (MFA) is available through 40 mandatory fee arbitration programs operated by local bar associations in addition to the State Bar’s program. Local bar program rules of procedure must be approved by the State Bar’s Board of Trustees or its designated committee to establish program jurisdiction to arbitrate attorney’s fee disputes under the Business and Professions Code, section 6200(d). This item seeks approval of proposed revisions to the State Bar’s Model Rules of Procedure for Fee Arbitrations.
In November 2006, the Board of Trustees approved the State Bar’s first Model Rules of Procedure for Fee Arbitrations (“Model Rules”) as recommended by the State Bar’s Committee on Mandatory Fee Arbitration (“CMFA”). The Model Rules are intended to promote uniformity and procedural consistency among programs, expedite the rule approval process, and ensure that programs are in compliance with applicable statutes, the Guidelines and Minimum Standards for the Operation of Mandatory Fee Arbitration Programs (“Minimum Standards”), and developments in the law. Local bar associations with mandatory fee arbitration programs are encouraged, but not required, to adopt the Model Rules in whole or in part. To date, nearly all the local programs have done so.
Pursuant to Article 13, Arbitration of Attorney’s Fees (Business and Professions Code section 6200, et seq.), the Board of Trustees is charged with establishing, maintaining and administering a system and procedure for the arbitration of disputes concerning fees, costs, or both, charged by attorneys for their professional services. The statutory scheme for Mandatory Fee Arbitration provides for fee arbitration services sponsored by local bar associations. (Bus. & Prof. Code, §6200, subd (d).) The Board of Governors adopts and reviews the local bars’ rules of procedure “...to insure that they provide for a fair impartial, and speedy hearing and award.” (Ibid.) Today, mandatory fee arbitration is available through 40 local bar association programs in addition to the State Bar’s MFA program.
The Minimum Standards establish the essential provisions that must be included in all local bar program rules of procedure to establish their jurisdiction for Article 13 fee arbitrations. Prior to 2006, local bar programs operated under vastly different procedural rules, some of which were outdated or in some cases, inconsistent with the MFA statutes and Minimum Standards.
In November 2006, the Board of Trustees approved the first set of Model Rules of Procedure for Fee Arbitrations to achieve greater inter-program consistency, expedite the review of local bar rules, and ensure that local bar rules comply with the Minimum Standards. Although the State Bar does not require local bar programs to adopt the Model Rules, the MFA Committee has encouraged them to do so. To date, the vast majority of local bar programs have adopted the Model Rules and the rest are in the process of adopting them in whole or in part.
Contained within the Model Rules is a provision for the issuance of subpoenas by the Committee Chair or Panel Chair. The rule states that the program shall provide the blank subpoena forms to the requesting party and that the requesting party is responsible for the service of the subpoenas and any costs associated with the request.
The Mandatory Fee Arbitration process is designed to be a quicker, cheaper and less formal venue for resolving fee disputes between attorneys and clients. It is a consumer protection program that benefits the citizens of California and members of the State Bar. The less formal nature of the Fee Arbitration process is designed to help clients feel more comfortable the process. Discovery is not allowed and no rules of evidence are applicable. Clients aren’t required to be well-versed in legal procedure in order to have their matter heard in an impartial manner.
The use of subpoenas in Fee Arbitration matters is infrequent and they are not enforceable in fee arbitration proceedings, although it is the opinion of the CMFA that subpoenas may be enforced by the appropriate civil court upon application by a party (see Arbitration Advisory 2002-01 “Imposition of Sanctions by Arbitrators in Conducting Fee Arbitration Matters” dated May 17, 2002 and Arbitration Advisory 2008-02 “Authority to Compel Compliance with Third-Party Subpoenas” dated May 25, 2008). Currently, Rule 30.0 states that the Committee Chair “may” issue subpoenas upon request and that the Committee Chair or Panel Chair “shall” provide the subpoena to the requesting party. The rule is interpreted to mean that the Committee Chair has discretion to issue subpoenas, but once the subpoena request is approved by Committee Chair, the local bar fee arbitration program must issue the subpoena. There is no requirement that the party identify the rationale for requesting the subpoena(s).
At its meetings in November, 2011 and January, 2012, the CMFA discussed several situations where it appeared that certain parties in Fee Arbitration matters were requesting subpoenas to intimidate the opposing party. The rule, in its current state, does not require the requesting party to make a showing of good cause for requesting the subpoena, but simply states that the Committee Chair may issue them and that the Committee Chair or Panel Chair shall provide them. There is no provision in the current rules to ensure that the subpoena in question is necessary for the arbitration at hand.
During discussions at the CMFA meetings, the Presiding Arbitrator relayed a situation where a party had requested two dozen subpoenas, an extremely high number in fee arbitration proceedings. After review by the Presiding Arbitrator, it was determined that only one subpoena was needed and that the rest were intended to harass the opposing party. The CMFA Committee chair, who also serves as a chair for a local bar association fee arbitration program relayed a similar scenario. These scenarios run counter to the nature of the fee arbitration process and demonstrate the need for the proposed rule change.
Proposed Modification to Rule 30, Model Rules of Procedure for Fee Arbitrations
Committee on Regulation, Admissions and Discipline Oversight
5 p.m., April 20, 2012
Mandatory Fee Arbitration
180 Howard Street, 6th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94105
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